Notes on a New Kind of Art

  • Leonel Moura


I started working with robots applied to art around the turn of the century. Aiming at the most possible autonomy of the process, they were the next logical step after experimenting with algorithms confined to the computer environment.  I was never interested in “digital art”. The first experiences, with an ant algorithm running on a computer connected to a robotic arm [fig. 1], showed the potential for a machine to create its own drawings and paintings as a kind of artificial creativity. The claim that these works represent a new kind of art, the art of machines, may be controversial in the context of the mainstream art world. But, actually, it is inscribed in the global evolution of robotics and artificial intelligence towards a greater autonomy of machines. Art announces what is about to arrive.




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Author Biography

Leonel Moura

Leonel Moura is a Portuguese artist. Since 2000 he has been working with artificial intelligence and robotics applied to art. His work is exhibited in several international galleries and museums.




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Leonel Moura, Ant-like robot (2003)
How to Cite
MOURA, Leonel. Notes on a New Kind of Art. MATLIT: Materialities of Literature, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 185-194, oct. 2015. ISSN 2182-8830. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 feb. 2019. doi:
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robotic art; emergence; collective behaviour