Post-Digital Literary Studies

  • Florian Cramer Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences

Abstract

Digital humanities and digital literary studies face much the same challenges as contemporary media art: what will become of them once their media are no longer “new”, and the limitations of processing art as data have become more clearly and widely understood? This paper revisits information aesthetics and computer poetics from the 1960s and 1970s, casting them as precursors of today’s digital humanities, with many of the same issues, achievements and failures, and with their own hype cycles of boom and bust. Conversely, “post-digital” and “Post-Internet” trends in music, graphic design and visual arts may anticipate possible futures of digital humanities and literary studies after the hype has passed.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/2182-8830_4-1_1

  • Abstract viewed = 173 times
  • HTML viewed = 113 times
  • PDF viewed = 177 times

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Florian Cramer, Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences
Florian Cramer is a reader at the Creating 010 research center of Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences where he is affiliated to Willem de Kooning Academy and Piet Zwart Institute. He lectures and publishes on topics at the fringes of the arts, information technology and politics, with a focus on contemporary practices outside the dichotomies of old versus new media and fine art versus applied art. He also works for WORM, a Rotterdam-based venue and production house for DIY avant-garde culture where he helps in the organization of zine fests, Crypto Parties, an artist-run 8/16mm film lab, and (under the lead of Rasheedah Phillips) an Afrofuturist festival. Most recent publications: Anti-Media (NAi010, 2013), What Is Post-Digital? (http://www.aprja.net/?p=1318, 2014).

References

AAAAARG. 16 July 2015. http://aaaaarg.fail/

AFROFUTURIST AFFAIR (2014). Do-It-Yourself Time Travel (mini zine). Philadelphia: Metropolarity.

ALINEI, Mario (1971-1973). Spogli Elettronici dell’Italiano delle origini e del Duecento. Bologna: Il Mulino.

ALLEN, Jonathan (2013). “NSA to Cut System Administrators by 90 Per-cent to Limit Data Access.” Reuters. Thomson Reuters 08 Aug. 16 July 2015. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/09/us-usa-security-nsa-leaks-idUSBRE97801020130809

BARTH, John (1997). The Friday Book. [1975]. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

BARTHES, Roland (1972). Mythologies. [1957]. New York: Hill and Wang.

BENSE, Max (1965). Aesthetica. Baden-Baden: Aegis.

BENSE, Max (1969). Einführung in die informationstheoretische Ästhetik – Grundlegung und Anwendung in der Texttheorie. Reinbek: Rowohlt.

CALVINO, Italo (1986). The Uses of Literature. [1967]. San Diego, New York, London: Harcourt Brace & Company.

CALVINO, Italo (2010). If On A Winter’s Night A Traveller. [1979]. New York: Random House.

CHUN, Wendy Hui Kyong (2011). Programmed Visions: Software and Memory. Cambridge: MIT Press.

CONNOR, Michael (2013). “What’s Postinternet Got to Do with Net Art?.” Rhizome.org. 01 Nov. 16 July 2015. http://rhizome.org/editorial/2013/nov/1/postinternet/

COOPMAN, Ted M. (2014) “Rogue Scholar Manifesto 1.0.” 16 July 2015. http://www.roguecom.com/roguescholar/manifesto.html

DE SAUSSURE, Ferdinand, Wade Baskin (2011). Course in general linguistics. [1913]. Columbia University Press.

DRUCKER, Johanna (2004). The Century of Artists’ Books. New York: Granary Books.

EUROPEAN UNION (2013). “Research & Innovation – Participant Portal.” ICT-21-2014. 11 Dec. 16 July 2015. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/90-ict-21-2014.html

FLOOD, Alison (2015). “US Poet Defends Reading of Michael Brown Autopsy Report as a Poem.” The Guardian. 16 Mar. 16 July 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/17/michael-brown-autopsy-report-poem-kenneth-goldsmith

FRANK, Priscilla (2015). “What Happened When A White Male Poet Read Michael Brown’s Autopsy As Poetry.” The Huffington Post. 17 Mar. 16 July 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/17/kenneth-goldsmith-michael-brown_n_6880996.html

FULLER, Matthew, Andrew Goffey (2012). Evil Media. Cambridge: MIT Press.

GOLDSMITH, Kenneth (2004). “Being Boring.” Electronic Poetry Center Buffalo. 16 July 2015. http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/goldsmith/goldsmith_boring.html

GOODMAN, Nelson (1968). Languages of art: An approach to a theory of symbols. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.

HIGGINS, Hannah, Douglas Kahn, eds. (2012). Mainframe Experimentalism: Early Computing and the Foundations of the Digital Arts. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

“International – RISM” (2015). RISM. 16 July 2015. http://www.rism.info/en/international.html

JAKOBSON, Roman (1956). “Two aspects of language and two types of aphasic disturbances.” Fundamentals of Language. Eds. Roman Jakobson and Morris Halle. Gravenhage: Mouton. 54-82.

JAKOBSON, Roman (1960). “Closing statement: Linguistics and poetics.” Style in Language and Sebeok. Eds. Roman Jakobson and Thomas Albert. Cam-bridge: MIT Press. 350-377.

JAKOBSON, Roman, Claude Lévi-Strauss (1962). “‘Les Chats’ de Charles Baude-laire.” L’homme: 5-21.

KHLEBNIKOV, Velimir, Charlotte Douglas, and Paul Schmidt (1990). The King of Time: Selected Writings of the Russian Futurian. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

LEEDS, Jeff (2007). “Madonna Nears Deal to Leave Record Label.” The New York Times. 10 Oct. 16 July 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/11/business/media/11madonna.html?_r=0

MANOVICH, Lev (2009). “Cultural Analytics: Visualising Cultural Patterns in the Era of ‘More Media’.” Domus March.

MONOSKOP LOG (2015). Monoskop. 16 July 2015. http://monoskop.org/log/

MORETTI, Franco (2005). Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for a Literary History. London and New York: Verso.

“PRINTED MATTER” (2015). 16 July 2015. https://printedmatter.org/what_we_do/pm_fairs

SAMORA, Alex (n.d.). “FANZINES.” 16 July 2015. http://fanzines.tumblr.com/

SCHULMAN, Kori (2011). “A Celebration of American Poetry at the White House.” The White House. 11 May. 16 July 2015. https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/05/11/celebration-american-poetry-white-house

SEIÇA, Álvaro (2016). “Digital Poetry and Critical Discourse: A Network of Self-References?” MATLIT 4.1: 95-123. http://iduc.uc.pt/index.php/matlit/article/view/2696/1944

SHANNON, Claude E., and Warren Weaver (2015). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. [1948]. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

STANDING, Guy (2011). The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

STEIN, Gertrude (2014). Tender Buttons: The Corrected Centennial Edition. [1914]. San Francisco: City Lights Publishers.

TZARA, Tristan (1975). “Pour faire une poème dadaïste.” Oeuvres complètes. [1920]. Paris: Gallimard. 382.

UBUWEB. 16 July 2015. http://www.ubu.com

VICO, Gianbattista (1968). The New Science. [1725]. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

VIERKANT, Artie (2010). “The Image Object Post-Internet.” 16 July 2015. http://jstchillin.org/artie/pdf/The_Image_Object_Post-Internet_a4.pdf

WIKIPEDIA (2015). “LEMPEL-ZIV-MARKOV CHAIN-ALGORITHM.” Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 June. 16 July 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lempel%E2%80%93Ziv%E2%80%93Markov_chain_algorithm&oldid=668500204
Published
2016-02-28
How to Cite
CRAMER, Florian. Post-Digital Literary Studies. MATLIT: Materialities of Literature, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 11-27, feb. 2016. ISSN 2182-8830. Available at: <http://impactum-journals.uc.pt/matlit/article/view/2384>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.14195/2182-8830.
Section
Secção Temática | Thematic Section

Keywords

information aesthetics; computer poetics; post-digital; experimental writing; new media.