Cadernos de Geografia <p>The journal <em>Cadernos de Geografia</em> is published by the Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Coimbra.This journal was created in 1983 and is the outcome of what had been planned for some time, for a journal that can cover all the topics that geography encompasses.The first issue was dedicated to Professor Alfredo Fernandes Martins, a distinguished Geographer from Coimbra’s Geography group, who also dreamed of the Institute launching a publication. Works of great historical interest and geographical interest by this author were published in that issue.The <em>Cadernos de Geografia</em> has been published in three series, which are easily distinguished by their appearance. The second series also has four special issues, the first is a tribute to Professor J. M. Pereira de Oliveira while the others contain the works that were presented at the first three <em>Colóquios de Geografia de Coimbra</em>, since the communications from the subsequent issues were included in the issue of the relevant year.</p> Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra en-US Cadernos de Geografia 0871-1623 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows sharing the work with recognition of authorship and initial publication in Antropologia Portuguesa journal.</p> Geobotanical heritage, environmental education, valorisation and new civic culture of the territory <p>The purpose of this paper is to present a summary of the state of the art/literature review on the relevance of geobotanical heritage and environmental education in strategies to exploit the territory and promote a new territorial culture. It also explains their practical application through an example (Mata do Sobral) in the Coimbra Region (Central Portugal). In the case of a preliminary approach, this note reflects the authors participation in the planning and/or implementation of actions to control and eradicate invasive flora in the area, raising and environmental education, involving the school community and the community in general, with the support of Operational Programme Sustainability and Efficiency in the Use of Resources (POSEUR).</p> Paulo Manuel Carvalho Tomás ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 39 A GEOGRAPHICS COSMOGRAPHY IN THE UNDERTANDING OF TERRESTRIAL DYNAMICS <p>This paper discusses the role of Geographic Cosmography in the understanding of the physical dynamics of the Earth through the worldview of students of the sixth grade of a school in Rio Grande do Sul, in order to highlight the intimate relationship between extraterrestrial phenomena and dynamics physical characteristics of the planet, such as the climate, the shape of the Earth, relations expressed through Cartography, among other aspects. The methodology used involves the analysis of textbooks of the sixth year that approach the Geographic Cosmography through another science, Astronomy, and establishes a discussion about the subject with the students of the sixth year of elementary school. The results obtained were based on the realization of groups for discussion on the relationship between the areas of Physical Geography and phenomena of cosmographic origin, which implied in a well-related analysis between some areas of Geography with the relevance of a cosmographic knowledge for the understanding of a total context on the agents that characterize the dynamics with the nature lived by the humanity</p> Tuane Telles Rodrigues Prof ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 39 Training and education in accessible tourism: the case of Faial, Pico and São Jorge professional schools <p>The theme of universal accessibility in tourism, also known as accessible and inclusive tourism, and other expressions, are present in strategic plans, speeches and presentations of several organizations and institutions. Education and training in tourism in general and in the themes of universal accessibility and mobility in tourism in particular, are extremely important in the perspective of the universal accessibility to places, and qualified human resources. This article investigates whether the above-mentioned themes are present in the National Qualifications Catalog, particularly in the areas of training related to the tourism sector, as it presents the main results of a survey applied to students of the tourism courses of the professional schools of Faial, Pico and São Jorge islands in Azores. We found that in a total of 1179 Short Course Formation Units, 10 addressed the themes of accessible and inclusive tourism. Regarding the results of the survey, a total of 107 respondents reported that 66 did not have any module or training in the area, its more than 60%.</p> Tiago Valente ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 39 Recensão de Portugal em chamas, como resgatar as florestas António Campar de Almeida ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 39 BR-163: from “landless men” to “manless land” <p>In this year (1970), the Brazilian government started the project of building the large highways in the Amazon, highlighting the Transamazon, linking the region from East to West, and BR-163, known as Cuiabá-Santarém, from South to North – highways that crossed each other opened axes of penetration and integration. On the 16<sup>th</sup> of June, 1970, the Plan of National Integration (PIN) was created. The displacement of peasants from areas submitted to “demographic pressure” is made official and the speech of <em>connecting the landless man of the Northeast to the manless land of the Amazon</em> is put into practice in a chaotic and socially unfair way. In December 1974, the highway Cuiabá-Santarém was opened to the public. In Mato Grosso, the road would motivate the penetration of large agricultural projects and the colonization commanded by private groups. In the state of Pará, in the stretch between Santarém and Rurópolis (at the crossing of Cuiabá-Santarém and Transamazon), the colonization directed to small landowners is predominant, commanded by the National Institute of Colonization and Land Reform (INCRA). Along all the road, the appreciation of the land, the attraction of migratory currents and the land speculation had immediate impacts to the local population – especially the indigenous ones. Our final consideration allow us, for the sake of concluding, to claim that the successive changes in the “development plans” according to the political and economic conjunctures, contributed to the failure of the great majority of colonization projects. Our conclusion is directed to some variables that points to the unsustainability of the regional development model: <em>An excluding model:</em> in the effort of choosing an image which is revealing of the <em>environment</em> of the present frontier I would say that it is of <strong>exclusion.</strong> <em>A productivist model:</em> after twenty year it is agribusiness that, notably in Mato Grosso, has the strongest development, supported by the necessity of Brazil obtaining income from exportable goods such as soybean. <em>Deforesting and continuous fragmentation of Amazon forest:</em></p> Messias Modesto Passos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 39