Lidando com o stresse na fronteira final: uma intervenção para reduzir o stresse induzido por voos espaciais

Resumo

Investigações em voos espaciais tripulados documentaram extensivamente como os ambientes de microgravidade, como voos espaciais pela órbita baixa da Terra (OBT), afetam as emoções dos astronautas e dos participantes do Voo Espacial. No entanto, um entendimento mais refinado deste tópico tornar-se-á especialmente relevante, à medida que as agências espaciais nacionais e internacionais aumentem a duração das missões espaciais tripuladas e que o setor privado entre totalmente na arena aeroespacial. Neste artigo, analisamos os pontos fortes e fracos dos quatro principais tipos de intervenções para lidar com os stressores associados ao voo espacial humano (ergonómico, fisiológico, psicológico e psicossocial) e depois desenhamos uma intervenção psicossocial sustentada em intervenções baseadas em evidências realizadas em vários campos da investigação psicológica. Entre os componentes de tais intervenções, recomendamos a adoção de estratégias avançadas para lidar com o stresse, o desenvolvimento de competências emocionais e interculturais e a criação de uma identidade social partilhada entre os membros da tripulação. A nossa proposta de intervenção visa aumentar a eficácia do apoio social como um mecanismo chave para lidar com o stresse e aplica-se a tripulantes e participantes de voos espaciais de diversas origens culturais que, muito provavelmente, irão trabalhar usando comunicação mediada por computador (CMC).

Palavras-chave

Estresse induzido por vôos espaciais; enfrentamento pró-ativo do estresse; competências emocionais; contágio emocional positivo; identidade social; apoio social

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Publicado
2019-07-31
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MONZANI, Lucas et al. Lidando com o stresse na fronteira final: uma intervenção para reduzir o stresse induzido por voos espaciais. Psychologica, [S.l.], v. 62, n. 1, p. 57-77, jul. 2019. ISSN 1647-8606. Disponível em: <https://impactum-journals.uc.pt/psychologica/article/view/6867>. Acesso em: 24 ago. 2019.
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