Liderança transformacional e adoção de inovação: Existe um papel moderador da iniciativa pessoal e do controlo de trabalho?

Resumo

Os gestores dos hospitais e chefes, assim como os médicos e enfermeiras, esforçando-se para enfrentar as mudanças constantes, estão envolvidos na inovação. Este estudo examina se o estilo de liderança transformacional está relacionado com a adoção das sugestões dos funcionários e se a iniciativa pessoal e o controlo do trabalho moderam essa relação. Enfermeiros, médicos e colaboradores auxiliares e técnicos (n = 137) de um hospital público italiano participaram neste estudo. Os resultados mostram que a liderança transformacional se correlaciona com a adoção da inovação, mas, quando os moderadores examinados foram incluídos na análise, a relação não foi significativa. A iniciativa pessoal e o controlo do trabalho não moderam a relação entre a liderança transformacional e a adoção da inovação, mas têm um efeito direto significativo na adoção da inovação. Os resultados sugerem que a inovação nos hospitais está mais relacionada com variáveis pessoais, como iniciativa pessoal e controlo do trabalho, do que com a liderança transformacional.

Palavras-chave

adoção de inovação; liderança transformacional; iniciativa pessoal; controle de trabalho; hospitais

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Publicado
2019-07-31
Como Citar
ZAPPALÀ, Salvatore; TOSCANO, Ferdinando. Liderança transformacional e adoção de inovação: Existe um papel moderador da iniciativa pessoal e do controlo de trabalho?. Psychologica, [S.l.], v. 62, n. 1, p. 119-130, jul. 2019. ISSN 1647-8606. Disponível em: <https://impactum-journals.uc.pt/psychologica/article/view/6870>. Acesso em: 24 ago. 2019.
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