Propriedades psicométricas da escala curta de liderança transformacional da auditoria do sistema humano na Alemanha e nas Filipinas: um estudo cross-cultural

Resumo

O objetivo desta investigação é analisar as propriedades psicométricas da versão Filipina (N = 308) e Alemã (N = 200) da versão reduzida  da “Auditoria do Sistema Humano – liderança transformacional” (HSA-TFL versão reduzida) e identificar em que extensão os perfis de liderança transformacional são similares ou diferentes na Alemanha e na Filipinas. No contexto globalizado atual, aumentam o número de organizações multinacionais e se ajustam as relações comerciais entre países. Com isso, se intensifica a necessidade em organizações multinacionais de instrumentos parcimoniosos para medir a liderança e que sejam elaborados cientificamente, confiáveis e de aplicação rápida. Analisámos a estrutura fatorial, validade convergente e de critério, assim como os perfis de liderança transformacional na Alemanha e Filipinas, ambas economias importantes no seu bloco económico regional que experienciaram um crescimento considerável das suas relações comerciais bilaterais. Os resultados indicam que o HSA-TFL versão reduzida é um instrumento confiável (Filipinas α = .90; Alemanha: α = .91) com estrutura unifatorial quer para a versão filipina (RMSEA = .08, CFI = .88) quer para a alemã (RMSEA = .06, CFI = .89), demonstrando validade convergente para ambos os países. A validade do critério foi diferente nos dois países e sensível ao contexto cultural. Os perfis transformacionais, baseados no Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X), mostraram diferenças para ambos os países. Esta investigação fornece evidências empíricas da validade e utilidade da HSA-TFL na sua versão reduzida.

Palavras-chave

liderança transformacional; validade cross-cultural; escala curta

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Publicado
2019-07-31
Como Citar
BERGER, Rita; ANTONIOLI, Thalita Carla. Propriedades psicométricas da escala curta de liderança transformacional da auditoria do sistema humano na Alemanha e nas Filipinas: um estudo cross-cultural. Psychologica, [S.l.], v. 62, n. 1, p. 165-185, jul. 2019. ISSN 1647-8606. Disponível em: <https://impactum-journals.uc.pt/psychologica/article/view/6874>. Acesso em: 19 set. 2019.
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