Aristotle’s objection against Forms in Metaphysics M.9

Keywords: particularity, Plato, separation, substance, universals

Abstract

Aristotle formulates in Metaphysics M.9 an aporia about Forms, according to which, those who introduce Forms make them universal substances and, at the same time, separate entities and, hence, particulars. But, he claims, it is not possible that both attributes, being a universal and being a particular, inhere in the same thing. The interpretation that scholars have offered of this objection is external, in that they hold that it derives from Aristotle’s own conception of separation: only what is particular is separate. Here I defend an internal interpretation which claims that the objection derives from an assumption about the explanatory role of Forms that Aristotle attributes to the Platonists.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ALLEN, R. E. (1960). Participation and Predication in Plato’s Middle Dialogues. Philosophical Review 69, p. 147-164.

ANNAS, J. (1976). Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Books M and N. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

APOSTLE, H. G. (1966). Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Bloomington, Indiana University Press.

CATTANEI, E. (1996). Enti matematici e metafisica. Platone, l’Accademia e Aristotele a confronto. Milano, Vita e Pensiero.

CHERNISS, H. (1944). Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato and the Academy. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press.

CORKUM, P. (2008). Aristotle on Ontological Dependence. Phronesis 53, p. 65-92.

CRUBELLIER, M. (1994). Les livres “Mu” et “Nu” de la Métaphysique d’Aristote : traduction et commentaire. Thèse de doctorat en Philosophie. Lille, Université Charles De Gaulle Lille 3.

FINE, G. (1984). Separation. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 2, p. 31-87.

FINE, G. (1993). On Ideas: Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato’s Theory of Forms. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

HAYDUCK, M. (ed.) (1881). Alexander Aphrodisiensis. In Aristotelis Metaphysica commentaria. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca 1:1. Berlin, Reimer.

JAEGER, W. (ed.) (1957). Aristotelis Metaphysica. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

KROLL, W. (ed.) (1902). Syrianus. In Metaphysica commentaria. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca 6:1. Berlin, Reimer.

NEHAMAS, A. (1979). Self-Predication and Plato’s Theory of Forms. American Philosophical Quarterly 16, p. 93-103.

REEVE, C. D. C. (2016). Aristotle. Metaphysics. Indianapolis, Hackett.

ROSS, W. D. (ed.) (1924). Aristotle’s Metaphysics. 2 vols. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

SEDLEY, D. (1998). Platonic Causes. Phronesis 43, p. 114-132.

VLASTOS, G. (1974). A Note on ‘Pauline Predications’ in Plato. Phronesis 19, p. 95-101.

Published
2020-10-04
How to Cite
González-Varela, E. (2020). Aristotle’s objection against Forms in Metaphysics M.9. Revista Archai, (30), e03030. https://doi.org/10.14195/1984-249X_30_30