(Re)securitisation in Europe: the Baltic States and Russia

  • Sandra Fernandes Universidade do Minho
  • Daniel Correia Universidade do Minho


Relations between the European Union (EU) and Russia have entered a more difficult era with the 2004 enlargement and the annexation of Crimea in 2014. The three Baltic states are new EU member states that share threat perceptions vis-à-vis Moscow. The article unpacks securitisation processes in the three Republics and how they have evolved after 2004 and 2014, as compared to the previous period of independence initialled in 1991. By exploring discourses, identity formation by strategies of othering and policy changes, we argue that re-securitisation is currently undergoing after a period of softer securitisation in the aftermath of EU accession.


securitisation, othering, Baltic States, European Union, Russia

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FERNANDES, Sandra; CORREIA, Daniel. (Re)securitisation in Europe: the Baltic States and Russia. Debater a Europa, [S.l.], n. 18, p. 103-129, jan. 2018. ISSN 1647-6336. Disponível em: <http://impactum-journals.uc.pt/debatereuropa/article/view/5166>. Acesso em: 17 dez. 2018.