Pavement and rail track geotechnics and prospects for the digital age




Transportation geotechnics, pavements, digital


This paper presents the main contributions in the fields of geotechnics and the digital era in pavements and rail tracks, focusing on the various stages of life cycle of those structures (design, construction, operation, and maintenance). In this context, aspects concerning the characterization and modelling of geomaterials, together with their influence on the performance of these structures, are presented through the demonstration of laboratory and in situ test results. Regarding the digitalization trends that characterize nowadays' industry (Industry 4.0), this paper tackles some of the potential stemming from the application of areas such as optimization, as well as information and communication technologies, in different fields. Among the latter, the management and intelligent allocation of resources in dynamic environments, such as earthworks, as well as in pavement management systems, can be highlighted in tandem with the use of BIM throughout the design phases. Finally, the integration of materials featuring self-sensing capabilities, which will provide the smart structures of the future, is also addressed.


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