Sines: Industrial Tourism Territory - Innovating for Tourism Sustainability




Industrial Tourism, Sines, tourism “production”, sustainable tourism development


Industrial Tourism (IT) is a by-product of Cultural Tourism, and although it is a niche product it can contribute to attenuate seasonality, contributing to the tourist sustainability of the territories. Simultaneously, IT
can contribute to the competitiveness of the territories through their diversification and differentiation they
are able to offer. A benchmarking exercise on a global scale permits to identify good practices that demonstrate the positioning of this product within the sector of IT and that give operational and scientific credibility to the case study, the project “Sines - Sustainable Industrial Tourism” (SSIT), which operationalizes the IT concept in one of the most dynamic industrial and economic municipalities in the country. With one of the most important deep-water ports in Europe, refineries, one thermal power plant, highly specialized industries, it also benefits from a natural setting of rare beauty, with its beautiful beaches integrated in a Natural Park. IT come up itself as a complementary product to the main touristic product of this territory, the “Sun & Sea”, maximizing the existing structures, making compatible two apparently antagonistic activities - Tourism and Industry - and taking advantage of the growing demand for different experiences for leisure in search of more knowledge and feedback from the general public, while contributing to blurring seasonality, one of the main threats to sustainability. This work aims to theoretically contextualize IT within the framework of a sustainable tourism development model and presents the project “Sines - Sustainable Industrial Tourism” in a diachronic logic, describing the process and presenting the results achieved from its beginning.


Download data is not yet available.


Bramwell, B., & Rawding, L. (1996), Tourism Marketing Images of Industrial Cities. Annals of Tourism Research, 3(1), 201-221.

Brito, M. (2012). Turismo Industrial: Preservação da memória, descoberta do presente e projeção do futuro do complexo industrial e portuário de Sines e da cidade industrial de Santo André. Revista Turismo & Desenvolvimento, 1, 135-138.

Brito, M. (2013). Percursos de sustentabilidade: políticas e práticas de planeamento para o desenvolvimento turístico no Município de Sines (Tese de Doutoramento). Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra.

Burns, P. M. (2004). Tourism Planning – A Third Way? Annals of Tourism Research, 31(1), 24-43.

Chow, H.-w., Ling, G.-J., Yen, I.-Y., & Hwang, K.-P. (2017). Building brand equity through industrial tourism. Asia Pacific Management Review, 22(2), 70-79.

Eisenhardt, K. (1989). Building Theories from Case Study Research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532-550.

Ferrante, M., Giovanni, G. L. L., & De Cantisb, S. (2018). Measuring tourism seasonality across European countries. Tourism Management, 68, 220–235.

Frantál, B., & Urbánková, R. (2017). Energy tourism: An emerging field of study. Current Issues in Tourism, 20(13), 1395-1412.

Hjalager, A. M. (1999). Tourism destinations and the concept of industrial district. Aarhus: Science Park.

Jansirani, M., & Mangai, M. (2013). Industrial Tourism: An Introduction. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 9(4 ), 12-14.

Larrinaga, O. (2017). Is it desirable, necessary and possible to perform research using case studies?. Cuadernos de Gestión, 17(1), 147-172.

Lin, C.-L. (2019). The analysis of sustainable development strategies for industrial tourism based on IOA-NRM approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 241, 1-20.

OMT - Organização Mundial de Turismo (1995), Carta deI Turismo Sostenible. Disponível em

OMT – Organização Mundial Turismo (1998). Introducción al turismo. Madrid: Egraf.

Otgaar, A. (2010). Industrial Tourism - Where the Public Meets the Private. Rotterdam: Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM).

Otgaar, A. (2012). Towards a common agenda for the development of industrial tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 4, 86–91.

Otgaar, A., & J. Klijs, J. (2010). The regional economic effects of industrial tourism development. Comunicação apresentada no 50th European Congress of the Regional Science Association International, Jönkoping, Sweden.

Otgaar, A., Van Den Berg, L., Berger, C., & Xiang Feng, R. (Eds) (2010). Industrial Tourism: opportunities for city and enterprise. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

Richards, G. (2018). Cultural tourism: A review of recent research and trends. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 36, 12-21.

Spangenberg, J. (2004). Reconciling Sustainability and Growth: Criteria, Indicators, Policies. Sustainable Development, 12, 74-86.

Vargas-Sánchez, A. (2011). Industrial Tourism: opportunities for city and enterprise. Publications in review / Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3), 1203–1204.

Wang, H., & Fu, Y. (2019). A Comparative Study of Industrial Tourism of Cities in China. Chinese Studies, 8, 13-26.

Yin, R. (1989). Case Study Research. Design and Methods. Applied Social Research Methods Series 5 (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications.

Ying, J. (2010). Analysis and Suggestions on Chinese Industrial Tourism Development. International Business Research, 3(2), 169-173.

UNWTO (2018). Tourism and culture synergies. Madrid: UNWTO.