Shamanism, Anthropomorphism and Perspectivism
Hans Jonas and Amerindian Ontologies
Keywords:life, human, shamanism, perspectivism, anthropomorphism, indigenous people, animal
The article intends to bring together two theoretical views generally opposed and considered incompatible: philosophy (by Hans Jonas) and indigenous thought (Amerindian). We intend to demonstrate the similarities of these two positions around the interpretation of the human and non‑ human animal, based on the guiding thread of the interiority of life that, in the case of Jonas, leads to the analysis of the concept of freedom and anthropomorphism and, in the case of the indigenous people, to shamanism. Among them, the notion of perspectivism emphasizes the benefits of this strategy: a deeper and richer understanding of the Western cultural history (of which both perspectives are part) and a greater sensitivity to life’s urgent appeal, which comes from threats destruction of native peoples and nature in general.
Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Filosófica de Coimbra
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows sharing the work with recognition of authorship and initial publication in Antropologia Portuguesa journal.