Shamanism, Anthropomorphism and Perspectivism

Hans Jonas and Amerindian Ontologies




life, human, shamanism, perspectivism, anthropomorphism, indigenous people, animal


The article intends to bring together two theoretical views generally opposed and considered incompatible: philosophy (by Hans Jonas) and indigenous thought (Amerindian). We intend to demonstrate the similarities of these two positions around the interpretation of the human and non‑ human animal, based on the guiding thread of the interiority of life that, in the case of Jonas, leads to the analysis of the concept of freedom and anthropomorphism and, in the case of the indigenous people, to shamanism. Among them, the notion of perspectivism emphasizes the benefits of this strategy: a deeper and richer understanding of the Western cultural history (of which both perspectives are part) and a greater sensitivity to life’s urgent appeal, which comes from threats destruction of native peoples and nature in general.


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Author Biography

Thiago Vasconcelos, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná

Master in philosophy (Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná) and PhD student in philosophy (Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná in co-tutelage with the University of Coimbra). He received the academic merit award for the best performance in graduation, in 2014. He is a professor of philosophy in basic education and of the discipline of Philosophical Anthropology in higher education. His research is focused on themes of contemporary philosophy, with an emphasis on the relationship between ontology and ethics in Hans Jonas and Heidegger. He also researches the following themes: the challenges of nihilism, the ontological status of the animal, philosophy of image.